Open science policies in Europe, state of the art and way to go
EOSCpilot reviewed the policy landscape in Europe related to Open Science. Although the review does summaries the many national policies in a comprehensive way, the focus was much more on Open Science policies in the context of the developing European and global knowledge economy that can only thrive when data and knowledge, in its many appearances, can freely flow between the relevant stakeholders.
Based on the first analysis of the policy landscape five policy actions to improve the flow of research data have been distilled:
- Increasing policy consistency at all levels: EU, the Member State and the institutional level;
- Standardize interactions between stakeholders through a common policy framework;
- Support closer collaboration and flow of data as well as sharing of services and infrastructures within the quadruple helix of Research, the Public Sector, the Private Sector and the Civil Society;
- Develop project related policies;
- Automate policy implementation through the design of policy compliant and compatible technologies.
EOSC as part of the quadruple helix
The quadruple helix approach is the fundament on which future EOSC developments should be based and is centered around the idea that innovation is the outcome of an interactive process involving different spheres of actors, each contributing according to its ‘institutional’ function in society.
Positioning EOSC in the EU Policy landscape
The position of EOSC, as part of the quadruple helix, should be considered within the broader context of the EU policies, as the figure above illustrates:
- EOSC is a manifestation of the European Cloud Initiative (ECI) and has its ultimate roots in the EUROPE 2020 strategy, the strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth in Europe. EOSC is key part of the Digital Single Market (DSM), a crucial page of the Digital Agenda for Europe (DAE) and driven by the European Research Area (ERA).
- As part of the European Research Area (ERA) policies, EOSC supports seamless open access to a wide range of digital science services across the European Union for all researchers and scientists. In its objective in reducing friction and supporting the drivers to open science, EOSC will address, amongst others, issues around Intellectual property rights (IPR) and Public Sector Information (PSI) across Europe.
- As an important part of the Digitizing European Industry policies, EOSC is the platform where, public sector data, and services may be combined with research data and provide the means and the secure environment for the industry to make use of all these resources in order to increase its productivity, create new jobs and foster an inclusive growth model for Europe.
- Ultimately the EOSC policy challenge is to optimally serve the EU’s research and innovation policy enablers: Open Innovation, Open Science and Open to the World.
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